Cass scholars a tax, social security accounts for urban income 26%-, Sohu financial-neogeo.zip

Cass scholars: social security tax income of urban residents accounted for 26%- Sohu financing according to the population Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Institute of the Zhang Chewei report, the current per capita disposable income of urban residents continued to decline, and the tax and social security income ratio continued to rise from about. A personal tax is reduced to payroll tax, and the function of adjusting income gap is lost, while the high income person can reduce the personal income tax through operating income. The real income of urban employees decreased by 1/3 after the tax deduction was made by the employees of the urban units." In February 16th, the director of the CASS Institute of population China Zhang Chewei, in 2016 the economic situation in the forum’s speech yujingsizuo. According to his report on the high-end think tank forum of the Social Sciences Academy, 26% of the current wages have become disposable income due to the payment of personal income tax and social security deductions, which makes the final disposable income of the residents increase slowly. Urban residents per capita disposable income growth continued to slow down the release on the same day he according to the Academy of high-end forum think tank report, the wages of workers in 26% because the payment of individual income tax and social security deductions and a disposable income, which makes the actual residents finally obtained disposable income growth slow. Twenty-first Century economic report was informed that, since 2012, China’s urban residents per capita disposable income growth continued to slow, the actual growth rate of 2013-2015 years were 7%, 6.8%, 6.6%, respectively, lower than the same period 7.7%, 7.3%, 6.9% of GDP (gross domestic product) growth rate. But at the same time, the personal income tax is growing fast. 2013-1015 personal income tax payment growth rate was 12.2%, 12.9%, 16.8%, showing a significantly accelerated situation. This is in sharp contrast to the slowing down of GDP and fiscal revenue. From 2013 to 2015, China’s economic growth rate was 7.7%, 7.3%, 6.9%, respectively, and the national public budget revenue growth rate was 10.1%, 8.6% and 8.4%, respectively, showing a slowing trend. In 2015, the national income tax paid 861 billion 800 million yuan, no accident, 2016 tax payment is expected to exceed 1 trillion yuan. Why the rapid growth of personal income tax, mainly from the income withholding of urban residents?. According to the report data, Zhang Chewei began in 1988, the labor remuneration level of residents in name, and finally get our hands on the residents disposable labor remuneration gap is more and more big, 2014 (nominal) labor remuneration is 1.5 times disposable labor remuneration. Therefore, the growth rate of disposable income of residents is low, which is related to the increase of the proportion of deductions in the wages of urban employees. 1998 tax and provident fund and other deductions accounted for less than 5% of the total wage, 2014 hurricane to 18.7%. The income tax is mainly paid by the wage earners, of whom 170 million of the urban unit employees are the main body. This is the reason why the income of urban residents is getting lower and lower than GDP. Zhang Chewei suggested that the personal income tax should be regarded as the starting point of raising the personal income tax.

社科院学者:个税社保占城镇居民收入26%-搜狐理财  根据中国社科院人口所所长张车伟的报告,目前城镇居民人均可支配收入持续走低,与居民收入中个税、社保等扣款比例持续上升有关。个税沦为了工薪税,丧失了调节收入差距的功能,而高收入者通过经营收入可以少交个税。   “城镇单位雇员扣了税之后实际收入下降了三分之一。”2月16日,中国社科院人口所所长张车伟,在2016年经济形势座谈会上的发言语惊四座。   根据他在当日社科院高端智库论坛上发布的报告,目前劳动者工资中有26%因为缴纳个人所得税和社保扣款等变成了不可支配收入,这使得实际最后居民获得的可支配收入增长缓慢。   城镇居民人均可支配收入增速持续放慢   根据他在当日社科院高端智库论坛上发布的报告,目前劳动者工资中有26%因为缴纳个人所得税和社保扣款等变成了不可支配收入,这使得实际最后居民获得的可支配收入增长缓慢。   21世纪经济报道获悉,从2012年开始,中国城镇居民人均可支配收入增速持续放慢,2013-2015年实际增速分别为7%、6.8%、6.6%,分别低于同期7.7%、7.3%、6.9%的GDP(地区生产总值)增速。   但是与此同时的个人所得税却在快速增长。2013-1015个人所得税缴纳增速分别为12.2%、12.9%、16.8%,呈现明显加快的情况。这与GDP和财政收入放慢形成了鲜明对比。2013年到2015年,中国经济增速分别为7.7%、7.3%、6.9%,同期全国一般公共预算收入增速分别为10.1%、8.6%、8.4%,均呈现放缓的态势。   2015年全国个人所得税缴纳8618亿元,不出意外,2016年个税缴纳有望超过1万亿元。   个人所得税为什么迅猛增长,主要来自城镇居民的收入扣缴。   根据张车伟的报告数据,1988年开始,居民名义上的劳动报酬水平,与实际最后拿到手的居民可支配的劳动报酬水平差距越来越大,2014年劳动(名义)报酬是居民可支配劳动报酬的1.5倍。   所以居民可支配的报酬增速低,与城镇单位职工工资中各项扣款比例增长有关。1998年个税和公积金等扣款占全部工资比例不到5%,2014年狂飙至18.7%。   缴纳个人所得税的主要是工薪阶层,其中1.7亿的城镇单位雇员是主体。这是城镇居民收入日趋走低,且低于GDP的原因。   建议提高劳务类个税起征点   张车伟认为,个人所得税作为调节收入差距的功能已经丧失。   因为从现在的情况看,个人所得税主要是工薪阶层在缴纳,个税也就成了工薪税,由于缺乏家庭征收纳税的视角,居民实际收入在劳动报酬的份额偏低,实际可支配收入增长缓慢,这实际上加剧了收入分配格局的不平衡。   根据张车伟发布的报告,中国城镇居民劳动报酬实际可支配的所得,占全部劳动报酬的比例也在持续大幅下降。   比如在1998年以前,单位缴纳的社保基金、雇员缴纳的是社保基金、住房公积金和个人所得税,全部加起来,占不到劳动报酬比例的10%。但是从1999年开始,上述四项加起来的比例不断上升,到2014年时,上述4项占全部劳动报酬比例为25%,其中个税为3%,住房公积金为6%,雇员缴纳的社保为4%。   由于中国的个税采取累进税率(超过4500-9000元部分税率20%,8万以上税率45%),所以高收入者一般采取扩大经营收入的方式进行避税。研究发现,居民月工资13881元,工资性收入只占3%,以经营性收入为主。而以经营性收入为主的人,可以将各个开支打入企业运营成本,从而避免纳个税或者不交税。   张车伟建议, 下一步个税改革除了要按家庭征收外,需要尽快实施分类的原则,比如分为劳务类、经营类、财产类等等缴纳个人所得税。   “需要在这个基础上大幅度地提高劳务类的起征点,减轻劳动者的负担,实施“放水养鱼”的政策,这是我国不断地推进经济结构转型,甚至供给侧改革,以提升内需的一个观点。”他说。相关的主题文章: